The wider context within which degrowth vs growthism needs assessing:
Firstly why degrowth is necessary … [We are consuming and emitting/ polluting beyond planetary boundaries thus unsustainable]
Secondly what is sufficiency and will it fit within planetary boundaries.
Thirdly we need to work out what is of value – the COV-19 crisis has helped highlighted what matters of value, and it isn’t measured by the neoclassical yardsticks of market price/ current wages:
Ian Gough: 28apr20 In times of climate breakdown, how do we value what matters? “The coronavirus has shown us who the key workers are. We need a new theory of value if we are to face an even bigger threat.”
And also what is possible within planetary boundaries i.e. ‘living well within limits’ – ‘sufficiency’ (e.g. empirical work by Julia Steinberger and others working this out).
BTW: I put Green Growth in “” because empirical evidence indicates that the meaning used by those promoting this term cannot be achieved as truly green in terms of being sustainable as regards climate/environment and resource use. See Hickel & Kallis (2019) below.
NB Degrowth is aimed at developed countries such as in Europe and North America (i.e. ‘Western’ countries) not developing and poor countries such as in the ‘Global South’ which have relatively low consumption and a higher percentage of people in poverty. Note that because developed countries consume a high percentage of their consumption from resources extracted from the global South – degrowth of the former will affect the latter (potentially beneficially in terms of wellbeing attributes).
A useful summary abstract:
17apr19 Is Green Growth Possible? Jason Hickel & Giorgos Kallis [pdf link here via JH tweet] To cite this article: Jason Hickel & Giorgos Kallis (2019): Is Green Growth Possible?, New Political Economy, DOI: 10.1080/13563467.2019.1598964 To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.1080/13563467.2019.1598964
The notion of green growth has emerged as a dominant policy response to
climate change and ecological breakdown. Green growth theory asserts
that continued economic expansion is compatible with our planet’s
ecology, as technological change and substitution will allow us to
absolutely decouple GDP growth from resource use and carbon
emissions. This claim is now assumed in national and international
policy, including in the Sustainable Development Goals. But empirical
evidence on resource use and carbon emissions does not support green
growth theory. Examining relevant studies on historical trends and
model-based projections, we find that: (1) there is no empirical evidence
that absolute decoupling from resource use can be achieved on a global
scale against a background of continued economic growth, and (2)
absolute decoupling from carbon emissions is highly unlikely to be
achieved at a rate rapid enough to prevent global warming over 1.5°C
or 2°C, even under optimistic policy conditions. We conclude that green
growth is likely to be a misguided objective, and that policymakers need
to look toward alternative strategies.
1. Why is degrowth necessary?
19jun20 Capitalism is destroying ‘safe operating space’ for humanity, warn scientists Nafeez Ahmed, referring to e.g.:
2. What is sufficiency and will it fit within planetary boundaries?
Recent empirical studies at Leeds University (e.g. by Professor Julia Steinberger and colleagues) support a need for degrowth in wealthy/developed countries.
I’ll add such refs when I have time, such as:
Your money or your life? The carbon-development paradox – Steinberger et al. (2020)
Abstract concludes: “… Facing this carbon-development paradox requires prioritizing human well-being over economic growth.”
16may20 openDemocracy @openDemocracy tweeted:
NEW: A manifesto signed by 1,000 scientists, experts, artists, and activists calls for #Degrowth as a remedy for the corona crisis, social problems, and ecological destruction. Signatories incl: @GeorgeMonbiot, @jasonhickel, @JKSteinberger, @CaroRackete
13may20 Degrowth: new roots for the economy – As long as our economy is dependent on growth, a recession will be devastating. Instead we need a planned, sustainable, and equitable downscaling of the economy. Degrowth New Roots Collective 13 May 2020
11may20 Our recovery from this crisis must put people and environment ahead of economic growth Caroline Lucas MP and Clive Lewis MP. “As we rebuild after the pandemic, it’s time to embrace a post-growth economy and build a fairer, healthier, happier and greener society, write Green MP Caroline Lucas and Labour MP Clive Lewis. …”
Positive Money emailed: “It’s official: the public wants to prioritise quality of life over GDP growth. Our poll published in The Guardian and Daily Mail yesterday showed 8 out of 10 people want the government to prioritise health and wellbeing over economic growth during the coronavirus crisis – and 6 out of 10 still want to even when this pandemic ends.
This news caused a storm online. Over 55,000 people saw it on Reddit and commentator George Monbiot even tweeted saying: “This is an extraordinary result, suggesting people are ready for a massive change in the way we measure and achieve well-being. It’s the best news I’ve seen for a long time. …”
11may20 Today Positive Money launched its report ‘Tragedy of Growth‘ by David Barmes et al. “which highlights the false promises of growth including poverty alleviation and enhancing life satisfaction – to get these things we have to focus on them (there are no shortcuts)” [I quote PM’s Fran Boait]. Also on 11may Positive Money held an interesting online discussion of the topic The end of growth? Should our Covid-19 recovery prioritise GDP growth? (rewatch on Facebook).
10may20 Britons want quality of life indicators to take priority over economy – Polls finds majority would like ministers to prioritise health and wellbeing over GDP during coronavirus crisis – Fiona Harvey. “A YouGov poll has found eight out of 10 people would prefer the government to prioritise health and wellbeing over economic growth during the coronavirus crisis, and six in 10 would still want the government to pursue health and wellbeing ahead of growth after the pandemic has subsided, though nearly a third would prioritise the economy instead at that point.”
Julia Steinberger provides a brilliant insightful introduction to the subject of degrowth, zooming inwards on the subject from the wider context including the dark powers at work, and from a viewpoint of her empirical work of what sort of a life of wellbeing (with sufficiency) can fit within planetary boundaries.
She starts speaking at 4:21 after being introduced. Also worth shifting later on to her answers to Q’s
Steinberger – Pandenomics, a story of life versus growth https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/oureconomy/pandenomics-story-life-versus-growth/
Pirgmaier & Steinberger – Roots Riots and Radical Change https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/11/7/2…
Ecological Economics Reading List https://www.scribd.com/document/39064…
Saave-Harnack, Dengler & Muraca – Feminisms and Degrowth – Alliance or Foundational Relation? http://globaldialogue.isa-sociology.o…
Kothari, Escobar, Salleh, Demaria & Acosta – Can the coronavirus save the planet? https://www.opendemocracy.net/en/oure…
Kothari, Demaria & Acosta – Buen Vivir, Degrowth and Ecological Swaraj: Alternatives to sustainable development and the Green Economy https://drive.google.com/file/d/14RVlKxqTwOsYlvGt3FC9AzE_zbkMa1jw/view
Kothari, Salleh, Escobar, Demaria & Acosta – Pluriverse: A post-development dictionary https://drive.google.com/file/d/1NEcO…
Giorgios Kallis on degrowth: his twitter summary.
Growth is a ‘leverage point’ for system change:
Leverage Points: Places to Intervene in a System – Donella Meadows Academy for Systems Change – referred to by Nafeez Ahmed.
30apr20 Julia Steinberger creates a twitter thread against growthism.
27apr20 Jason Hickel creates a twitter thread starting “We need to clear something up about degrowth. Reducing energy demand is *not* sufficient, in itself, to get emissions to zero. That would be an absurd approach. What we need is a rapid rollout of clean energy. The point of degrowth is to make that transition easier to achieve.”
Julia Steinberger: Degrowth is [intrinsically] anti-capitalist.
“there is no empirical evidence to support green growth as” [being compatible with environmental limits i.e. of being green / environmentally sustainable].
JS talks re the GND – is pushed by activism thus helping change the agenda.
wellbeing alliances – at least they are making step of putting wellbeing as a major part of the politicoeconomic scene (even if they havent taken all the steps of degrowth) – and weve seen how this has helped in their response to cov-19 [e.g. Adern in NewZealand]
Federico on ‘sustainable development’ – is mainstream twisting the meaning (a bit like ‘green growth’)
Federico – with his pluriverse thinking – degrowth is not the only answer as it depends on eg which country you are in
Hickel spoke on Newsnight’s ‘Viewsnight‘ https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/uk-40869867/viewsnight-our-addiction-to-economic-growth-is-killing-us
Looking at growth starting with climate viewpoint:
8jun20 ‘Collapse of civilisation is the most likely outcome’: top climate scientists The world’s most eminent climate scientists and biologists believe we’re headed for the collapse of civilisation, and it may already be too late to change course. By Asher Moses in Voice of Action, Australia. Refers to statements by Will Steffen, Schellnhuber, Rockstrom re climate tipping points and Steffen vs growth etc.